NASA studies recently have indicated that the Fertile Crescent region in the Middle East is losing fresh water at a rapid rate. The water flow in the important Euphrates and Tigris Rivers has decreased as a result of this trend and formerly arable land in the area has become cracked and dry. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers are drying up, and these are the very rivers that were once a critical part of the Cradle of Civilization in ancient Mesopotamia 2000 years before Christ. The decrease in water primarily has resulted from a major drought in 2007 and the loss of snow pack in the mountains to the north. The image map from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and the National Center for Atmospheric Research shows the vast decrease in fresh water in 2008, which continues today. This loss has occurred over the last decade and amounts to over 144 cubic kilometers of water lost from these ancient river basins, which include vast areas in Turkey, Syria, Iraq, and Iran.